Professor Richard M. Lerner is the Director of the Institute for Applied Research in Youth Development at Tufts University. Professor Lerner found the 5Cs to be important qualities for young people growing up into adulthood. These 5Cs are Competence, Confidence, Connection, Character, and Caring. When a young person develops stronger 5C’s, they tend to result in the 6th C, which is Contribution. This means that the young person is able to have happiness, good social networks, and positively contribute to their family, community, and society.